Origin Of Clans In Ebiraland

Clans In Ebiraland: About 1680 AD, Ebira People (along with the Idoma and Igala) migrated out of Wukari, a chieftaincy dispute started, the Ebira later split into various groups and settled in different locations between 1680 and 1750 AD.

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The Concept of “Avọ Ẹri” in Ebira Language

Ebira LAnguage, Ebira Proverb Ebiraland.

There is an Ebira Proverb in Ebira Language that Says “Avọ ri Esi’hu vancha Ni“, this simply means that giving thanks for yesterday’s favor, will open way for more favors in future, in the next paragraph i will tell you the simple meaning of this Ebira Idiom. So let’s break this Ebira Proverb Down.

Avọ ri Esi’hu vancha Ni

Ebira Proverb
Ebira LanguageEnglish Language
EsiWhat they use
EvanchaPlethoric (Too Much)
Ebira Language Translated to English Language

In the olden days when drinking is part of our culture (Eche Omo and Eche Ayi), people often go back to where they got free drinks yesterday, to say thank you for the favor so that they can drink again and in excess – that is why they say Avo Eri Esi hu Evancha ni.

You see! Ebira People (Anebira) are very unique and Ohomorihi (God) has blessed the race with lots of attributes, on of the attributes appreciation for past favors or help received from others (Avọ Ẹri).

Are we still appreciative to others as Anebiras?
Genuine expressive appreciative gestures from you to other people times over, speak volume of the kind of person you are and whether it is worth it to help you or to help you again!

Another Ebira Saying:

Ozi-Oweyi Oku Avo Eri Ver’osa Doni

When a child say thank you for past favor! he will surely get another . Ebiraland.com.

Thanks for reading please share below and drop your comments. Ebiraland.com

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Okehi and Adavi The Story Behind Their Name in Ebiraland.

The Two Major Ebiraland Local Government and Reasons behind their Names: Okene and Adavi

Okene and Adavi is a town in Kogi State, Nigeria. The predominant people are the Ebira of Central Nigeria, the local language of Ebira.

Okene is one of the most beautiful place in the whole of West Africa with the most beautiful palace known as Azad ‘s palace, it belongs to the Ohinoyi of Ebiraland, Dr. Ado Ibrahim.

Adavi is also a local government area in Kogi State, adjoining Edo state in the south and the state capital Lokoja in the van north Okene and Adavi are the most popular local government of the Ebira with lots of ancestral history guiding them.

The two local government area consists of lots of abara (Family units) and Iresu (Clan). Such as Ozi Udu, Ozi Ede, Ozi Ogu and lots more.

Ebiraland History

Reason Behind Okene’s Name in Ebiraland

Okene was formally known as Okokoro Une (Area of Antelope).

Okene was bushy but was an open grassland like the Savannah region. There was this animal which was predominant in the area called Une(Antelope). In Okene, unlike other parts of Ebiraland, Hunting was the main occupation because of the texture of the land and also the fact that Une was mostly found there. Due to this fact the people around who lives here decided to name it Okokoro Une (Area or home of Antelope) and the name continued to stay like that for a long time till the coming of the British.

The name Okokoro Une was difficult for the British to pronounce and the only pronunciation that could come up with was Okene, so after than the name was generally accepted because it was more easier to pronounce. Therefore the name Okene was delivered from Okokoro Une (home of Antelope).

The Reason Behind Adavi’s Name.

FB IMG 1597344890697

Adavi also was a busy area, It was a forest with lots of big trees with no footpath. A man was wandering about looking for fertile land and came across the present location of Adavi.

The land was good for farming, hunting and building of houses. The man then went back to his village (Okene.. near Ajaokuta), to report to the king about his findings and to Grant him immunity to go and start living their with his family to enable Ebiraland grow more territory, which was granted to him. The man then moved their with his family and little by little the place started developing.

The man was then made the chief of that Area and was popularly known as Adai Avi (Father of Leaves).

It was then suggested that the place should be name after the founding father but he refused and ask that instead it should be named after his popular name rather than his real name which was Adai Avi and that was how The place was named Adavi.
The two has played an important role in the history of Ebiraland.

Please if you have any suggestions please drop it below, thanks.

Reference: Oral History

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Why A Strapped Baby Must Never Fall off Its Mother’s Back – Taboo in Ebiraland

If a strapped child fall from the mothers back!!! The child will have issues with opposite sex. And it’s a grave taboo in Ebiraland

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Sexuality, Family Values, and Gender Roles Among Ebira People.

Sexuality among Anebiras determines to a large extent the kind of roles that men or women play at home, social gatherings, choice of vocation until recently when barriers seem to be giving way to equality in every aspect of life.

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The History of Imamship In Ebiraland (With Pictures).

okene first Chief Imam

I have read the account in the book written by Ustaz Yoonus Abdullah, the former grand khadi of Kogi State, titled “IMAMSHIP OF EBIRA CENTRAL MOSQUE, OKENE” In this book, so many beautiful pasts of Ebira Muslims were narrated.

Of relevance here is the imamaship tussle. The then Ohinoyi of Ebiraland had the power to appoint the Chief Imam without contention. Crisis started in 1956 when the Atta Ibrahim was deposed and Imam Tajudeen RA also passed away. Sheik Ahmad Rufai RA was then the Naibil Imam.

Sheikh Ahmad Rufai
late Sheikh Ahmed Rufai

People thought he should automatically become the chief Imam, But the political party that held reigns of power then (ITU) wouldn’t allow that for some reasons, The leadership of ITU then was dominated by Christians and they are not too concerned about what happened in the mosque, Sheik Ahmad Rufai RA was in NPC while Sheik Abdulraheem Tajudeen was in ITU, Sheik Abdulraheem is the son of sheik Yahaya Tajudeen, The ITU has the notion that since they wanted to crown the younger brother of Sheik Ahmad Rufai RA, Alhaji Sani Omolori as the next Ohinoyi of ebiraland, they wouldn’t afford to give two leadership positions to a single family. So sheik Ahmad Rufai RA was denied Imamship based on the above factors and not because he was a tijaniya leading scholar.

On the emergence of Imam Musa Galadima as the Imam, lmam Galadima was brought in to settle the dispute as a result of the imposition of Sheik Abdulraheem Tajudeen RA over Sheik Ahmad Rufai RA.

Both sheik Ahmad Rufai and sheik Abdulraheem Tajudeen suggested Alhaji Musa Galadima as an Imam and this was only ratified by asking him some basic Islamic questions, which he responded satisfactorily. He never contested with anyone, Imam Galadima was a student of sheikh Tajudeen RA.

Sheikh Ahmad Rufai RA, was asked to nominate the Naibil Imam, and he nominated sheikh Abdulrahman Naibi which he did till his death.

It was after the death of Sheik Abdulrahman Naibi that Sheik Salihu came to the scene as the Naibi to Imam Galadima.

Also Read: Biography of Imam Yahaya Tajudeen (The First Chief Imam In Ebiraland).

What is more disturbing and disuniting is comments coming from some quota that Naibi has no basis in Islam when Allah himself addressed Sayyidina Abubakar RA as “thaniya ithnayni izhuma filgar” in verse 40 of suratul tauba. Meaning “he being the second of the two when they were both in the cave”. This was one of the bases why he was appointed as the leader of the Muslims after the death of the Prophet because he was second to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi Wa sallam.

First, it would be recalled that immediately after the death of the Holy Prophet, Sayyidina Abubakar RA was unanimously appointed as the leader of the Muslims in the absence of Sayyidina Ali RA, and when he returned, he gave his acceptance, The Prophet was reported to have said” I’m the city of knowledge and Ali is it’s gate”. The point here is that leadership has never been by inheritance as that was never the teaching of our beloved Prophet sallallahu alayhi Wa sallam.

If Were it by inheritance, the three companions that let the Muslim for over 17 years would have been allowed by the Muslims before the the coming of Ali RA who was the cousin of the Prophet and the gate to the Prophet’s city of knowledge. If Sheikh Salih Abere didn’t meet the requirements of being an Imam, will he had been allowed to deputize late Imam Galadima or even lead the congregation in prayer on his behalf in many cases as he had done abinitio?.

So why Now?
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said power should not be given to whoever is desperate of it.
Let there be peace in our land
Wallahul Musta’an your mind?

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Ebira Culture – Things Women Must Not Do in Ebiraland (Taboos in Ebiraland)

Ebira Fashion Beads Isuu
Photo Credits to: Ebira Beauty pageant.

Taboos In Ebiraland – Before i start mentioning things Ebira Women are not allowed to do in Ebiraland (Culturally) i will like to give the definition of Culture before some people get it twisted.

So What is Culture?

According to the Oxford University Dictionary, Culture is the ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.

Just the same way other tribes have their Cultures and traditions Ebira People are not left out, and in every Culture there must be do and don’t, as in set 9f rules they are all following.
In Ebiraland there are some certain things that the Culture frowned at, things women are restricted from doing…

List of Things Women Must Not Do in Ebiraland – Taboos In Ebiraland.

  1. Women are restricted from Seeing Masquerades (Eku) – There is an exception for Onokus.
  2. Pregnant women must not take money from their husband pocket – Its believed the child after birth must steal.
  3. Pregnant Woman must not have sex with another man – The man that sleeps with pregnant woman that is not his wife, will forever live in poverty.
  4. No woman must have sex during her menstrual period.
  5. Any female child that fell from her Mum back will encounter husband’s death 7 times before it stopped.
  6. No pregnant woman should walk during the mid day or midnight to avoid given birth to Enebe or Ozi Emasu. (Destined to die prematurely child)

We have lots of taboo women must not attempt but i will stop at this juncture.

Also Read: The Ebira Concept Of Ozi-Emasu And Enebe.

Who are Onokus in Ebiraland?

Onoku in Ebiraland is a topic for another day, but i will just scratch the surface for us to know something about it.
Onokus are special type of women in Ebiraland (Please don’t get me wrong all women are wonderful and unique in various ways) initiated in some sort of cult which gives them more hands and say in Ebira Traditions than ordinary women. Onokus are born with the gift, women that are not Onokus from birth can’t be initiated.
Please just keep on visiting this blog till i publish the article on Onoku but before then please enjoy yourself with our numerous articles.

Drop your views and opinions in the comment section below and share with others, thanks for reading.

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Ebira People’s Cultural Concept of Naming Ceremony

During the dawn of time, back in the days when Islam and Christianity was not paramount in Ebiraland, Ebira people have their own traditional unique ways of naming Children.

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Full Details of Agidibo Ebira Musical Instrument (About, Uses & Origin).

The Agidibo which the english name is Slit Drum, is an idiophone drum, made from a hollowed piece of wood in which a narrow groove serves as a sound opening. The Agidibo is struck with a stick along both sides of the narrow groove, which produces two different pitches. The possibility of combining rhythm with pitch enables the Agidibo to act as a means of communication for Ebira People during festivals like New Yam Featival or during the initiation of New Otaarus.

The three most common types are the cylindrical, the trapezoid and the zoomorphic. Besides these we also find them in the form of a tulip, half-moon and boat.

Agidibo Ebira Drum edited

The basic structure of the drum is virtually the same for each type and is best illustrated by the cylindrical Agidibo. A block of wood, usually part of a tree trunk, is cut into the desired shape and then hollowed out through the slit in the upper side. The drum-maker/woodcutter ensures that the two sides of the drum are unequal in thickness so that different pitches are produced when played with two drum sticks. The two-tone structure will later form the basis for the transmission of a message, the purpose for which these instruments are best known.

Origin Of Agidibo in Ebiraland.

Before we talk about the uses of it, there is a need to know how our ancestors come about the instrument, according to research the first person to use the Agidibo in Ebiraland is Adayi Etazi (Adayi Ebira), he was the first person to play the Agidibo.

The Uses of Agidibo.

These days Agidibo is widely used, almost in every events in the land ranging from Unehe to Modern yearly Ebira Carnival. But back in the early ages it has specific uses, the use is limited to some certain set of people (The Ohi’s, Herbalists and Otaaru’s).

The main function of Agidibo is to dispense messages to the people, even though Agidibo is a musical instrument it’s a sacred one (according to research).

Also used for announcing the death of great people like Kings, Herbalists, Great Hunters and Important people in the society.
And its messages are often in parables that only the wise can understand.

It’s also used for announcing certain festivals like New Yam Feativals and Eche Ori festival, whenever Agidibo is been beaten, those that understand the sounds knows exactly the messages been passed.

Agidibo has thesame function with the African talking drum (Ugogoyin), the little different is that you can dance to Ugogoyin but reverse is the case for Agidibo.

A very good example of the uses is during Ekuechi festival, Eku Ahete follows the sound of Agidibo before living the IREBA (The Masquerades Resident).

Thanks for reading please do drop your opinions in the comment section and share with your friends.

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