Ebira Pre-destined Names
There is an Ebira Proverb in Ebira Language that Says “Avọ Ẹri Esi’hu Ẹvancha Ni“, this simply means that giving thanks for yesterday’s favor, will open way for more favors in future, in the next paragraph i will tell you the simple meaning of this Ebira Idiom. So let’s break this Ebira Proverb Down.
Avọ Ẹri Esi’hu Ẹvancha NiEbira Proverb
|Ebira Language||English Language|
|Esi||What they use|
|Evancha||Plethoric (Too Much)|
In the olden days when drinking is part of our culture (Eche Omo and Eche Ayi), people often go back to where they got free drinks yesterday, to say thank you for the favor so that they can drink again and in excess – that is why they say Avo Eri Esi hu Evancha ni.
You see! Ebira People (Anebira) are very unique and Ohomorihi (God) has blessed the race with lots of attributes, on of the attributes appreciation for past favors or help received from others (Avọ Ẹri).
Are we still appreciative to others as Anebiras?
Genuine expressive appreciative gestures from you to other people times over, speak volume of the kind of person you are and whether it is worth it to help you or to help you again!
Another Ebira Saying:
Ozi-Oweyi Oku Avo Eri Ver’osa DoniWhen a child say thank you for past favor! he will surely get another . Ebiraland.com.
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If a strapped child fall from the mothers back!!! The child will have issues with opposite sex. And it’s a grave taboo in Ebiraland
Sexuality among Anebiras determines to a large extent the kind of roles that men or women play at home, social gatherings, choice of vocation until recently when barriers seem to be giving way to equality in every aspect of life.
Taboos In Ebiraland – Before i start mentioning things Ebira Women are not allowed to do in Ebiraland (Culturally) i will like to give the definition of Culture before some people get it twisted.
So What is Culture?
According to the Oxford University Dictionary, Culture is the ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.
Just the same way other tribes have their Cultures and traditions Ebira People are not left out, and in every Culture there must be do and don’t, as in set 9f rules they are all following.
In Ebiraland there are some certain things that the Culture frowned at, things women are restricted from doing…
List of Things Women Must Not Do in Ebiraland – Taboos In Ebiraland.
- Women are restricted from Seeing Masquerades (Eku) – There is an exception for Onokus.
- Pregnant women must not take money from their husband pocket – Its believed the child after birth must steal.
- Pregnant Woman must not have sex with another man – The man that sleeps with pregnant woman that is not his wife, will forever live in poverty.
- No woman must have sex during her menstrual period.
- Any female child that fell from her Mum back will encounter husband’s death 7 times before it stopped.
- No pregnant woman should walk during the mid day or midnight to avoid given birth to Enebe or Ozi Emasu. (Destined to die prematurely child)
We have lots of taboo women must not attempt but i will stop at this juncture.
Also Read: The Ebira Concept Of Ozi-Emasu And Enebe.
Who are Onokus in Ebiraland?
Onoku in Ebiraland is a topic for another day, but i will just scratch the surface for us to know something about it.
Onokus are special type of women in Ebiraland (Please don’t get me wrong all women are wonderful and unique in various ways) initiated in some sort of cult which gives them more hands and say in Ebira Traditions than ordinary women. Onokus are born with the gift, women that are not Onokus from birth can’t be initiated.
Please just keep on visiting this blog till i publish the article on Onoku but before then please enjoy yourself with our numerous articles.
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The Agidibo which the english name is Slit Drum, is an idiophone drum, made from a hollowed piece of wood in which a narrow groove serves as a sound opening. The Agidibo is struck with a stick along both sides of the narrow groove, which produces two different pitches. The possibility of combining rhythm with pitch enables the Agidibo to act as a means of communication for Ebira People during festivals like New Yam Featival or during the initiation of New Otaarus.
The three most common types are the cylindrical, the trapezoid and the zoomorphic. Besides these we also find them in the form of a tulip, half-moon and boat.
The basic structure of the drum is virtually the same for each type and is best illustrated by the cylindrical Agidibo. A block of wood, usually part of a tree trunk, is cut into the desired shape and then hollowed out through the slit in the upper side. The drum-maker/woodcutter ensures that the two sides of the drum are unequal in thickness so that different pitches are produced when played with two drum sticks. The two-tone structure will later form the basis for the transmission of a message, the purpose for which these instruments are best known.
Origin Of Agidibo in Ebiraland.
Before we talk about the uses of it, there is a need to know how our ancestors come about the instrument, according to research the first person to use the Agidibo in Ebiraland is Adayi Etazi (Adayi Ebira), he was the first person to play the Agidibo.
The Uses of Agidibo.
These days Agidibo is widely used, almost in every events in the land ranging from Unehe to Modern yearly Ebira Carnival. But back in the early ages it has specific uses, the use is limited to some certain set of people (The Ohi’s, Herbalists and Otaaru’s).
The main function of Agidibo is to dispense messages to the people, even though Agidibo is a musical instrument it’s a sacred one (according to research).
Also used for announcing the death of great people like Kings, Herbalists, Great Hunters and Important people in the society.
And its messages are often in parables that only the wise can understand.
It’s also used for announcing certain festivals like New Yam Feativals and Eche Ori festival, whenever Agidibo is been beaten, those that understand the sounds knows exactly the messages been passed.
Agidibo has thesame function with the African talking drum (Ugogoyin), the little different is that you can dance to Ugogoyin but reverse is the case for Agidibo.
A very good example of the uses is during Ekuechi festival, Eku Ahete follows the sound of Agidibo before living the IREBA (The Masquerades Resident).
Thanks for reading please do drop your opinions in the comment section and share with your friends.
Welcome to another piece of article from me (Yakubu Binuyaminu Adeiza). In this article I will list out clans in Ebiraland with the towns and villages they pre dominate, though this article will feature the sub clans (Abara) under each clan before their various locations.
In the olden days it is said that people from the same clan can marry each other but once they are from the same sub clan that means they are strictly related, and so for that reason alone they are restricted from marrying each other. That is back in the days when the population is not much and when Islam has not dominated the land, Islam teaches us that even cousins can marry each other not to talk of sub clans (Abara).
List of Clans in Ebiraland with their Abara’s and the Towns & Villages they dominate in Ebiraland.
- Idu Clan (Ozudu)
Abara’s under Idu Clan – Aniku Bogiri, Ozi Eire.
Towns and Villages – Adavi Odu, Kuroko, Inoziomi, Ihima, Okene, Evia Obehira, Okengwe, Ageva, Osara, Lokoja Barracks etc.
- Ogu (Ozi Ogu)
Abara’s under Ogu Clan – Okene, Egayin
Towns and Villages – Okene, Ihima
- Uka Clan (Ozuka) – Ajoko, Asema, Ootumi, Ezi Ehi, Ezi Ago.
Towns & Villages – Ogaminana, Ihima
- Ada Clan (Ozi Ada)
Towns & Villages – Okene, Okengwe
- Otu Clan (Ozi Otu)
Towns & Villages – Nagazi ihima
- Omoye Clan (Ozi Omoye) Okene
- Opasi Clan (Ozi Opasi)
Towns & Villages – Adavi odu, Eika Ohizenyi, Ogaminana etc.
- Omo Aro
Abara – Adomu, Omonori, Obobayin
Towns and Villages – Eika Ohizenyi Egayin, Kabba
- Ede Clan (Ozi Ede)
Abara – Uhami, Ohimonoko
Towns & Villages – Okene, Egayin, Kuroko, Okaito, Agasa etc.
Abara – Itodo
Town & Villages – Eika Ohizenyin.
- Adeika (Ozi Adeika).
Abara – Ago, Oko, Oyiono, Okovi, Uhwene
Towns & Villages – Nagazi, Osisi, Kuroko etc.
- Ozi Obe
Abara – Ozi Owuno
This is the part one of this series I will be coming up with more lists in the future but before then I will like you to drop what you think about this post and the top 3 comments win N500 worth of airtime or Data subscription equivalent. So just drop your comments below, and drop your phone number in the comment with your thought so that I can get back to you.
Just in case you don’t want to drop your phone number for general public you can just send your name and email you commented with to me on Whatsapp +2347033004080 for verification and if you win I will send you your price.
Also Read: Origin Of Clans In Ebiraland
Before I dive into the world of medicinal herbs, let me tell you a story about the mighty man that all Ebira Herbal practitioners look up to in terms of herbal medicinal. The Man Called “OBEGE”.
Obege was an unbeatable herbalist during his own time and history has it that he was from Eika Ohizenyin in Okehi Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. (I wouldn’t talk about clan). Obege was known to be a child that was given out by his father to a very strong herbal man, because the father was indebted to the man and he couldn’t payback, one thing led to many things and Obege had to be the person to serve the man to cover the father’s debt, it was from this man Obege learnt a lot about plants and there uses ….. The story goes on.
Obege and the Revolution of Herbal Medicine in Ebiraland.
OBEGE the Ocean of herbal Medicines & Leaves: The supernatural one, one-who-turns-all-leaves-into-medicine. One who is versed in the use of roots, one who has a sharp, pointed tail like that of a chick. One who has a liver as crystal clear as a fly’s. One who is as powerful as an iron rod. Obege, the custodian of secrets who fastens medicine on his chest. One who forcibly takes the clothes from a sick man and staggers. He who fights without being guilty. A big masquerade for whom the mortar is rolled. Leaves in the hand – Leaves in the mouth – One whose body is full of medicine. He who can revive a sick through herbs – He who uses medicine to fight death. A leopard that prepares medicine to remove assaults. He drinks some water and uses some to anoint his head. He turns 200 leaves into one – One whose body is full of medicine. The mighty man who preserves the forest for medicinal purposes – The man who uses leaves to do all he wants. – Obege The Herbal Man.
Obege never had a child but call his followers and the rest of his clan his children, also told them not to do charm (Ahono), for he has conquered the battle of leaves and charm, if they are just in their doings no charm will ever affect them till the end of days, so far they are true followers of Obege.
All herbalist in Ebiraland whether from Obege’s clan or not must acknowledge his wisdom when it comes to practicing herbal medicine for he has done so much that 21st century science is still yet to beat, and they still seek more knowledge of herb from him anytime they pray.
Herbalists and Priests enlist the aid of Obege, the spirit of herbal medicines, in their work against mental and physical illness caused by malevolent forces and individuals.
Obege is believed to be the Deity of healing credited with all knowledge of Herbs, Leaves and Roots for Medicinal purposes in Ebiraland. To Obege, health is a state in which there is a blending of physical, mental, emotional social moral and spiritual well-being. To achieve this harmony he resort to divination to find out the cause of and remedy for the illness he is treating.
Herbs have enormous Magical Power, as they hold the Earth’s energy within them. Each herb has unique properties that can enhance one’s magical goals. Herbs also may have medicinal properties. The magical practitioner can draw upon either aspect when performing a spell. Harvest herbs in the morning after the sun has dried the dew but before the heat of the day sets in. Use a sharp magical knife to cut herbs; the knife should be consecrated specifically for this purpose. Thank the plant for its gift, and offer it something in return, perhaps some water. Harvest only the amount of herbs needed, except when pruning the plants, to ensure healthy growth for the following season.
Roots on the other hand – often the most magically potent part of the plant – once chopped or powdered are fairly indistinguishable one from the other. Familiarize yourself with herbs and other botanical. Know what they should look like, and what they should smell like…
OBEGE MADE IT KNOWN THAT THEIR ARE SACRED PLANTS
In the world of plants, some are used for sacred and ceremonial purposes, to explore the spirit world. The use of these plants derives from native cultures, whose members have traditionally sought access to the supernormal through the ingestion of the plants and their preparations. The use of these plants differs from contemporary religious practices in a key way. For while religious prayer, ritual and communion are engaged to propitiate god or gods, the use of sacred plants is intended to give the participant direct access to the divine experience. The difference is not slight but radical.
Additionally, the sacred plants are used for healing purposes. True healing puts into order the body, mind and spirit with the past, present and future. Such integration is possible by various means, including by the ceremonial use of the sacred plants. Throughout history these plants have been employed to heal disorders of body, mind and spirit, and today a whole new emerging body of study is currently examining the healing properties of some of these plants.
The only way to document all Obege’s practices then was by cramming and apprenticeship, which means all the students has to learn and cram everything they learn with the help of Herb prepared from Honey and Birds Nest, this aid them in cramming a lot of plants name and their uses but lots has been forgotten today.
It is said that Obege has treated all the illness that is, ranging from heartbreak to ulcer and lots more but how he does most of them can’t be recalled.
In Conclusion; I have carried out my research and have written this article to let it be known to Ebira people home and abroad that even though Ebira History has not been properly documented, we still have ones that can still be used for educational purposes, Obege was a man known for his herbal practices throughout Ebiraland and one that cannot be erased from history of Ebira People.
I know I once said in an article that I stopped writing about Ebira history as it spreads hates in the Land but I can’t help but write this one that has to do with herbal medicine.
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Yakubu Binuyaminu Adeiza
CEO – Ebiraland Media (www.ebiraland.com)
Tel – +2347033004080, +2348168374589
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Beads are small round object with a hole to allow it to be threaded on a cord or wire. They are lots of traditional beads which are worn for beautification and adornment, these beads comes in different sizes and shapes.